Section 17 Search and seizure. of Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002
Search and seizure.
17. (1) Where the Director 1[or any other officer not below the rank of Deputy Director authorised by him for the purposes of this section], on the basis of information in his possession, has reason to believe (the reason for such belief to be recorded in writing) that any person—
(i) has committed any act which constitutes money-laundering, or
(ii) is in possession of any proceeds of crime involved in money-laundering, or
(iii) is in possession of any records relating to money-laundering, [or]
[ (iv) is in possession of any property related to crime,]
then, subject to the rules made in this behalf, he may authorise any officer subordinate to him to—
(a) enter and search any building, place, vessel, vehicle or aircraft where he has reason to suspect that such records or proceeds of crime are kept;
(b) break open the lock of any door, box, locker, safe, almirah or other receptacle for exercising the powers conferred by clause (a) where the keys thereof are not available;
(c) seize any record or property found as a result of such search;
(d) place marks of identification on such record or [property, if required or] make or cause to be made extracts or copies therefrom;
(e) make a note or an inventory of such record or property;
(f) examine on oath any person, who is found to be in possession or control of any record or property, in respect of all matters relevant for the purposes of any investigation under this Act:
[Provided that no search shall be conducted unless, in relation to the scheduled offence, a report has been forwarded to a Magistrate under section 157 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), or a complaint has been filed by a person, authorised to investigate the offence mentioned in the Schedule, before a Magistrate or court for taking cognizance of the scheduled offence, as the case may be, or in cases where such report is not required to be forwarded, a similar report of information received or otherwise has been submitted by an officer authorised to investigate a scheduled offence to an officer not below the rank of Additional Secretary to the Government of India or equivalent being head of the office or Ministry or Department or Unit, as the case may be, or any other officer who may be authorised by the Central Government, by notification, for this purpose. ]
[ (1A) Where it is not practicable to seize such record or property, the officer authorised under sub-section (1), may make an order to freeze such property whereupon the property shall not be transferred or otherwise dealt with, except with the prior permission of the officer making such order, and a copy of such order shall be served on the person concerned:
Provided that if, at any time before its confiscation under sub-section (5) or (7) of section 8 or section 58B or sub-section (2A) of section 60, it becomes practical to seize a frozen property, the officer authorised under sub-section (1) may seize such property. ]
(2) The authority, who has been authorised under sub-section (1) shall, immediately after search and seizure [or upon issuance of a freezing order], forward a copy of the reasons so recorded along with material in his possession, referred to in that sub-section, to the Adjudicating Authority in a sealed envelope, in the manner, as may be prescribed and such Adjudicating Authority shall keep such reasons and material for such period, as may be prescribed.
(3) Where an authority, upon information obtained during survey under section 16, is satisfied that any evidence shall be or is likely to be concealed or tampered with, he may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, enter and search the building or place where such evidence is located and seize that evidence :
Provided that no authorisation referred to in sub-section (1) shall be required for search under this sub-section.
[ (4) The authority seizing any record or property under sub-section (1) or freezing any record or property under sub-section (1A) shall, within a period of thirty days from such seizure or freezing, as the case may be, file an application, requesting for retention of such record or property seized under sub-section (1) or for continuation of the order of freezing served under sub-section (1A), before the Adjudicating Authority. ]
Analysis by ExpertsNo explanations yet!!! Please, Login to provide explanation for this section.
Never File Wrong GSTR-1
Check your GST numbers in bulk. Check unlimited GST numbers with very cheap packages.
- Section 1 Short title, extent and commencement
- Section 5 ATTACHMENT, ADJUDICATION AND CONFISCATION Attachment of property involved in money-laundering.
- Section 6 Adjudicating authorities, composition, powers, etc.
- Section 7 Staff of Adjudicating Authorities.
- Section 8 Adjudication.
- Section 9 Vesting of property in Central Government.
- Section 10 Management of properties confiscated under this Chapter.
- Section 11 Power regarding summons, production of documents and evidence, etc.
- Section 12 Reporting entity to maintain records
- Section 12A Access to information.
- Section 13 Powers of director to impose fine.
- Section 14 No civil or criminal proceedings against reporting entity, its directors and employees in certain cases
- Section 15 Procedure and manner of furnishing information by reporting entities.
- Section 16 Power of survey.
- Section 17 Search and seizure.
- Section 18 Search of persons.
- Section 19 Power to arrest.
- Section 20 Retention of property.
- Section 21 Retention of records.
- Section 22 Presumption as to records or property in certain cases.
- Section 23 Presumption in inter-connected transactions.
- Section 24 Burden of proof.
- Section 25 Appellate Tribunal.
- Section 26 Appeals to Appellate Tribunal.
- Section 27
- Section 28
- Section 29
- Section 30
- Section 31
- Section 32
- Section 33
- Section 34
- Section 35 Procedure and powers of Appellate Tribunal.
- Section 36 Distribution of business amongst Benches.
- Section 37 Chairman to transfer cases.
- Section 38 Decision to be by majority.
- Section 39 Right of appellant to take assistance of authorised representative and of Government to appoint presenting officers.
- Section 40 Members, etc., to be public servants.
- Section 41 Civil court not to have jurisdiction.
- Section 42 Appeal to High Court.
- Section 43 Special Courts.
- Section 44 Offences triable by Special Courts.
- Section 45 Offences to be cognizable and non-bailable.
- Section 46 Application of Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 to proceedings before Special Court.
- Section 47 Appeal and revision.
- Section 48 Authorities under Act.
- Section 49 Appointment and powers of authorities and other officers.
- Section 50 Powers of authorities regarding summons, production of documents and to give evidence, etc.
- Section 51 Jurisdiction of authorities.
- Section 52 Power of Central Government to issue directions, etc.
- Section 53 Empowerment of certain officers.
- Section 54 Certain officers to assist in inquiry, etc.
- Section 55 RECIPROCAL ARRANGEMENT FOR ASSISTANCE IN CERTAIN MATTERS AND PROCEDURE FOR ATTACHMENT AND CONFISCATION OF PROPERTY Definitions.
- Section 56 Agreements with foreign countries.
- Section 57 Letter of request to a contracting State in certain cases.
- Section 58 Assistance to a contracting State in certain cases.
- Section 58A Special Court to release the property.
- Section 58B Letter of request of a contracting State or authority for confiscation or release the property.
- Section 59 Reciprocal arrangements for processes and assistance for transfer of accused persons.
- Section 60 Attachment, seizure and confiscation, etc., of property in a contracting State or India.
- Section 61 Procedure in respect of letter of request.
- Section 62 Punishment for vexatious search.
- Section 63 Punishment for false information or failure to give information, etc.
- Section 64 Cognizance of offences.
- Section 65 Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 to apply.
- Section 66 Disclosure of information.
- Section 67 Bar of suits in civil courts.
- Section 68 Notice, etc., not to be invalid on certain grounds.
- Section 69 Recovery of fine or penalty.
- Section 70 Offences by companies.
- Section 71 Act to have overriding effect.
- Section 72 Continuation of proceedings in the event of death or insolvency.
- Section 73 Power to make rules.
- Section 74 Rules to be laid before Parliament.
- Section 75 Power to remove difficulties.
- Section 2 Definitions.