Tds On Other Sums (Payable To Non-Residents) [Section 195] | Ay 2019-20 Onwards

Written by KnowYourGST Team under GST

Applicability

Any person responsible for paying interest (other than interest referred to in section 194LB or section 194LC or section 194LD) or any other sum chargeable to tax (other than salaries) to a non-corporate non-resident or to a foreign company is liable to deduct tax at source at the rates prescribed by the relevant Finance Act. Such persons are also required to furnish the information relating to payment of any sum in such form and manner as may be prescribed by the CBDT.

Payee to be a non-resident - In order to subject an item of income to deduction of tax under this section the payee must be a non-corporate non-resident or a foreign company.

Payer may be a resident or non-resident - Under section 195(1), the obligation to deduct tax at source from interest and other payments to a non-resident, which are chargeable to tax in India, is on “any person responsible for paying to a non-resident or to a foreign company”. The words “any person” used in section 195(1) is intended to include both residents and non-residents. Therefore, a non-resident person is also required to deduct tax at source before making payment to another non-resident, if the payment represents income of the payee non-resident, chargeable to tax in India. Therefore, if the income of the payee non-resident is chargeable to tax, then tax has to be deducted at source, whether the payment is made by a resident or a non-resident.

Explanation 2 clarifies that the obligation to comply with section 195(1) and to make deduction thereunder applies and shall be deemed to have always applied and extends and shall be deemed to have always extended to all persons, resident or non-resident, whether or not the non-resident has:-

  • a residence or place of business or business connection in India; or
  • any other presence in any manner whatsoever in India.

Time of deduction

The tax is to be deducted at source at the time of credit of such income to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof in cash or by the issue of a cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier.

Where any interest or other sum as aforesaid is credited to any account, whether called “Interest payable account” or “Suspense account” or by any other name, in the books of account of the person liable to pay such income, such crediting shall be deemed to be credit of such income to the account of the payee.

However, in the case of interest payable by the Government or a public sector bank within the meaning of section 10(23D) or a public financial institution within the meaning of section 10(23D), deduction of tax shall be made only at the time of payment thereof in cash or by the issue of a cheque or draft or by any other mode.

Payments subject to tax deduction

The statutory obligation imposed under this section would apply for the purpose of deduction of tax at source from any sum being income assessable to tax (other than salary income) in the hands of the non-resident/foreign company. However, no deduction shall be made in respect of any dividends declared/distributed/paid by a domestic company, which is exempt in the hands of the shareholders under section 10(34).

Payment to a non-resident by way of royalties and payments for technical services rendered in India are common examples of sums chargeable under the provisions of the Act to which the liability for deduction of tax at source would apply.

Certificate of non-deduction of tax at source

  • Any person entitled to receive any interest or other sum on which income-tax has to be deducted under section 195(1) may make an application in the prescribed form to the Assessing Officer for grant of certificate authorizing him to receive such interest or other sum without deduction of tax thereunder.
  • Where any such certificate is granted, every person responsible for paying such interest or other sum to the person to whom certificate is granted make payment of such interest or other sum without deduction of tax at source under section 195(1), so long as the certificate in force.
  • Such certificate shall remain in force till the expiry of the period specified therein. However, if it is cancelled by the Assessing Officer before the expiry of such period, the certificate shall remain in force till such cancellation.
  • The CBDT is empowered to make rules specifying the cases in which, and the circumstances under which, an application may be made for the grant of certificate. While doing so, it should take into account the convenience of the assessees and the interests of the revenue.
  • Such Rules would provide for the conditions subject to which such certificate may be granted and any other matter connected therewith.

Person responsible for paying any sum to non-resident to furnish prescribed information

Section 195(6) provides that the person responsible for paying any sum, whether or not chargeable to tax under the provisions of the Act, to a non-corporate non-resident or to a foreign company, shall be required to furnish the information relating to payment of such sum in the prescribed form and prescribed manner.

Specified class or classes of persons, making payment to the non-resident, to mandatorily make application to Assessing Officer to determine the appropriate proportion of sum chargeable to tax

  • Under section 195(1), any person responsible for paying to a non-corporate non-resident or to a foreign company, any interest or any other sum chargeable under the provisions of the Act (other than salary), has to deduct tax at source at the rates in force.
  • Under section 195(2), where the person responsible for paying any such sum chargeable to tax under the Act (other than salary) to a non-resident, considers that the whole of such sum would not be income chargeable in the hands of the recipient, he may make an application to the Assessing Officer to determine, by general or special order, the appropriate proportion of such sum so chargeable. When the Assessing Officer so determines, the appropriate proportion, tax shall be deducted under section 195(1) only on that proportion of the sum which is so chargeable.
  • Consequent to the retrospective amendments in section 2(47), section 2(14) and section 9(1) by the Finance Act, 2012, sub-section (7) in section 195 provides that, notwithstanding anything contained in sections 195(1) and 195(2), the CBDT may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify a class of persons or cases, where the person responsible for paying to a non-corporate non-resident or to a foreign company, any sum, whether or not chargeable under the provisions of this Act, shall make an application to the Assessing Officer to determine, by general or special order, the appropriate proportion of sum chargeable to tax. Where the Assessing Officer determines the appropriate proportion of the sum chargeable, tax shall be deducted under sub-section (1) on that proportion of the sum which is so chargeable.
  • Consequently, where the CBDT specifies a class of persons or cases, the person responsible for making payment to a non-corporate non-resident or a foreign company in such cases has to mandatorily make an application to the Assessing Officer, whether or not such payment is chargeable under the provisions of the Act.

Procedure for refund of TDS under section 195 to the person deducting tax in cases where tax is deducted at a higher rate prescribed in the DTAA

The CBDT has, through Circular No.7/2011 dated 27.9.2011, modified Circular No.07/2007, dated 23.10.2007 which laid down the procedure for refund of tax deducted at source under section 195 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 to the person deducting tax at source from the payment to a non-resident. The said Circular allowed refund to the person making payment under section 195 in the circumstances indicated therein as the income does not accrue to the non-resident or if the income is accruing, no tax is due or tax is due at a lesser rate. The amount paid to the Government in such cases to that extent does not constitute tax.

The said Circular, however, did not cover a situation where tax is deducted at a rate prescribed in the relevant DTAA which is higher than the rate prescribed in the Income-tax Act, 1961. Since the law requires deduction of tax at a rate prescribed in the relevant DTAA or under the Income-tax Act, 1961, whichever is lower, there is a possibility that in such cases excess tax is deducted relying on the provisions of relevant DTAA.

Accordingly, in order to remove the genuine hardship faced by the resident deductor, the CBDT has modified Circular No. 07/2007, dated 23-10-2007 to the effect that the beneficial provisions under the said Circular allowing refund of tax deducted at source under section 195 to the person deducting tax at source shall also apply to those cases where deduction of tax at a higher rate under the relevant DTAA has been made while a lower rate is prescribed under the domestic law.

Author
Posted by CA Ankit Sharma under Income-Tax

I am CA, you can contact me for resolving all your tax queries. Reach me at ankitsharma1141@gmail.comContact

No comments yet, be first to comment.

You need to be logged in to comment.


Never File Wrong GSTR-1

Check your GST numbers in bulk. Check unlimited GST numbers with very cheap packages.

Used by
Ask Question