What If Tds Is Not Deducted Or Paid [Section 201] | Ay 2019-20 Onwards

Written by KnowYourGST Team under GST

Deemed assessee-in-default

The following persons shall be deemed to be an assessee in default if they do not deduct the whole or any part of the tax or after deducting fails to pay the tax -

  • any person including the principal officer of a company, who is required to deduct any sum in accordance with the provisions of the Act; and
  • an employer paying tax on non-monetary perquisites under section 192(1A).

Non-applicability of deeming provision

Any person (including the principal officer of the company) who fails to deduct the whole or any part of the tax on the amount credited or payment made to a resident payee shall not be deemed to be an assessee-in-default in respect of such tax if such resident payee –

  • has furnished his return of income under section 139;
  • has taken into account such sum for computing income in such return of income; and
  • has paid the tax due on the income declared by him in such return of income,
    and the payer furnishes a certificate to this effect from an accountant in such form as may be prescribed.

No penalty under section 221

No penalty shall be charged under section 221 from such person unless the Assessing Officer is satisfied that such person has failed to deduct and pay the tax without good and sufficient reasons.

Interest Liability

A person deemed to be an assessee-in-default under section 201(1), for failure to deduct tax or to pay the tax after deduction, is liable to pay simple interest @1% for every month or part of month on the amount of such tax from the date on which tax was deductible to the date on which such tax was actually deducted and simple interest @1½% for every month or part of month from the date on which tax was deducted to the date on which such tax is actually paid [Section 201(1A)].

Such interest should be paid before furnishing the statements in accordance with section 200(3).

Where the payer fails to deduct the whole or any part of the tax on the amount credited or payment made to a resident and is not deemed to be an assessee-in-default under section 201(1) on account of payment of taxes by such resident payee, interest under section 201(1A)(i) i.e., @1% p.m. or part of month, shall be payable by the payer from the date on which such tax was deductible to the date of furnishing of return of income by such resident payee. The date of deduction and payment of taxes by the payer shall be deemed to be the date on which return of income has been furnished by the resident payee.

Where the tax has not been paid after it is deducted, the amount of the tax together with the amount of simple interest thereon shall be a charge upon all the assets of the person or the company, as the case may be.

Guidelines for waiver of interest charged under section 201(1A) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 – [Circular No. 11/2017, dated 24.03.2017]

In exercise of the powers conferred under section 119(2)(a), the CBDT has directed that the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax and Director General of Income-tax may reduce or waive interest charged under section 201(1A)(i) in the classes of cases specified below for the period and to the extent the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax/Director General of Income-tax may deem fit. However, no reduction or waiver of such interest shall be ordered unless the principal demand under sections 200A, 201(1) or 234E, as the case may be, stands fully paid or satisfactory arrangements for payment of the principal demand under these sections have been made. The Chief Commissioner of Income-tax or Director General of Income-tax may also impose any other condition as deemed fit for the said reduction or waiver of interest.

The class of cases in which the reduction or waiver of interest under section 201(1A)(i) can be considered

The class of cases in which the reduction or waiver of interest under section 201(1A)(i) can be considered, are as follows:

  • Where during the course of proceedings for search and seizure under section 132, or otherwise, the books of account and other documents necessary for making deduction under Chapter XVIIB of the Act were seized and the assessee was not able to, within the time specified, deduct tax at source from any sum credited to any account (whether called "suspense account" or by any other name) in his books of account.
  • Where any sum paid or payable was not liable for deduction of tax at source in the case of a deductor on the basis of any order passed by the jurisdictional High Court, and as a result, he did not deduct tax at source in relation to such sum, and subsequently, in consequence of any retrospective amendment of law or a decision of the Supreme Court of India or a decision of a Larger Bench of the jurisdictional High Court (which was not challenged before the Supreme Court and has become final) in any proceedings, as the case may be, tax was held to be deductible or the tax deducted by the deductor during such financial year was found to be less than the tax deductible on such sums paid or payable.
  • Where the default under section 201 relates to non-deduction or a lower deduction of tax under section 195 in respect of a payment made to a non-resident (including a foreign company) being a resident of a country or specified territory outside India with whom India has entered into an agreement referred to in section 90 or 90A of the Act, and where —
    • a dispute regarding the tax payable in India in respect of the said payment had been referred to the Competent Authority in India mentioned in Rule 44H of the Income-tax Rules, 1962 under the said agreement under section 90 or 90A of the Act;
    • such reference had been received by the Competent Authority in India within a period of two years of the date on which the notice of demand determining the tax payable was received by the person in default under section 201;
    • the dispute has been settled by way of a resolution arrived at under the Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP) provided in the said agreement; and
    • the person in default under section 201 has given his acceptance to the resolution and has withdrawn his appeal(s) pending on the issue, within the meaning of Rule 44H(4) of the Income-tax Rules, within a period of one month of the date on which the resolution is communicated to him.

Even if the interest under section 201(1A)(i) has already been paid by the deductor, the same can be considered for waiver, subject to the conditions above and a refund may be given to the deductor, if waiver is ordered.

The Chief Commissioner of Income-tax or Director General of Income-tax examining an application for waiver of interest under this order shall pass a speaking order after providing adequate opportunity of being heard to the applicant.

The CBDT reserves the power to examine any grievance arising out of an order passed or not passed by Chief Commissioner of Income-tax or Director General of Income-tax, as the case may be, and issue suitable directions to these authorities for proper implementation of this order. However, no review of or appeal against the orders passed on merits by such authorities would be entertained by the CBDT.

Time limit for deeming a person to be an assessee-in-default for failure to deduct tax at source

No order under section 201(1), deeming a person to be an assessee-in-default for failure to deduct the whole or any part of the tax from a person resident in India, shall be passed at any time after the expiry of seven years from the end of the financial year in which the payment is made or credit is given.

Further, the exclusions from the time limit, as specified in Explanation 1 to section 153, would also apply to the above time limit for passing an order deeming a person to be an assessee-in-default. Also, the time limit would not apply to an order passed consequent to the direction contained in an order of the Commissioner under sections 263 and 264, Commissioner (Appeals) under section 250, Appellate Tribunal under section 254, Supreme Court/National Tax Tribunal under section 260 and Supreme Court under section 262. Thus, the time limit would be extended where effect is to be given to various appellate proceedings or where proceedings are stayed.

Non-specification of time limit where tax has been deducted but not paid

Section 201(1) deems a person to be an assessee-in-default if he –

  • does not deduct tax; or
  • does not pay; or
  • after so deducting fails to pay

the whole or any part of the tax, as required by or under this Act.

Thus, section 201(1) contemplates three types of defaults. The default contemplated in (ii) is covered by the default contemplated in (iii). However, the time limit has been specified only for passing of orders relating to default contemplated in (i) above. There is no time limit specified in respect of the other defaults.

Therefore, no time-limits have been prescribed for the order under section 201(1) where –

  • the deductor has deducted but not deposited the tax deducted at source, as this would be a case of defalcation of government dues,
  • the employer has failed to pay the tax wholly or partly, under sub-section (1A) of section 192, as the employee would not have paid tax on such perquisites,
  • the deductee is a non-resident as it may not be administratively possible to recover the tax from the non-resident.
Author
Posted by CA Ankit Sharma under Income-Tax

I am CA, you can contact me for resolving all your tax queries. Reach me at ankitsharma1141@gmail.comContact

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