Section 17 - Apportionment of credit and blocked credits of CGST ACT, 2017

         17. (1) Where the goods or services or both are used by the registered person partly
for the purpose of any business and partly for other purposes, the amount of credit shall be
restricted to so much of the input tax as is attributable to the purposes of his business.
             (2) Where the goods or services or both are used by the registered person partly for
effecting taxable supplies including zero-rated supplies under this Act or under the Integrated
Goods and Services Tax Act and partly for effecting exempt supplies under the said Acts, the
amount of credit shall be restricted to so much of the input tax as is attributable to the said
taxable supplies including zero-rated supplies.
             (3) The value of exempt supply under sub-section (2) shall be such as may be prescribed,
and shall include supplies on which the recipient is liable to pay tax on reverse charge basis,
transactions in securities, sale of land and, subject to clause (b) of paragraph 5 of Schedule
II, sale of building.
            (4) A banking company or a financial institution including a non-banking financial
company, engaged in supplying services by way of accepting deposits, extending loans or
advances shall have the option to either comply with the provisions of sub-section (2), or
avail of, every month, an amount equal to fifty per cent. of the eligible input tax credit on
inputs, capital goods and input services in that month and the rest shall lapse:
      Provided that the option once exercised shall not be withdrawn during the remaining
part of the financial year:
     Provided further that the restriction of fifty per cent. shall not apply to the tax paid on
supplies made by one registered person to another registered person having the same
Permanent Account Number.
          (5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 16 and subsection
(1) of section 18, input tax credit shall not be available in respect of the following,
namely:—
              (a) motor vehicles and other conveyances except when they are used––
                   (i) for making the following taxable supplies, namely:—
                      (A) further supply of such vehicles or conveyances ; or
                      (B) transportation of passengers; or
                      (C) imparting training on driving, flying, navigating such vehicles
or conveyances;
                 (ii) for transportation of goods;

             (b) the following supply of goods or services or both—
                (i) food and beverages, outdoor catering, beauty treatment, health services,
cosmetic and plastic surgery except where an inward supply of goods or services
or both of a particular category is used by a registered person for making an
outward taxable supply of the same category of goods or services or both or as
an element of a taxable composite or mixed supply;
               (ii) membership of a club, health and fitness centre;
              (iii) rent-a-cab, life insurance and health insurance except where––
                  (A) the Government notifies the services which are obligatory for an
employer to provide to its employees under any law for the time being in
force; or
                  (B) such inward supply of goods or services or both of a particular
category is used by a registered person for making an outward taxable
supply of the same category of goods or services or both or as part of a
taxable composite or mixed supply; and
             (iv) travel benefits extended to employees on vacation such as leave or
home travel concession;
          (c) works contract services when supplied for construction of an immovable
property (other than plant and machinery) except where it is an input service for further
supply of works contract service;
         (d) goods or services or both received by a taxable person for construction of an
immovable property (other than plant or machinery) on his own account including
when such goods or services or both are used in the course or furtherance of business.
           Explanation.––For the purposes of clauses (c) and (d), the expression
“construction” includes re-construction, renovation, additions or alterations or repairs,
to the extent of capitalisation, to the said immovable property;
         (e) goods or services or both on which tax has been paid under section 10;
         (f) goods or services or both received by a non-resident taxable person except
on goods imported by him;
         (g) goods or services or both used for personal consumption;
         (h) goods lost, stolen, destroyed, written off or disposed of by way of gift or free
samples; and
          (i) any tax paid in accordance with the provisions of sections 74, 129 and 130.
   (6) The Government may prescribe the manner in which the credit referred to in
sub-sections (1) and (2) may be attributed.
              Explanation.––For the purposes of this Chapter and Chapter VI, the expression “plant
and machinery” means apparatus, equipment, and machinery fixed to earth by foundation or
structural support that are used for making outward supply of goods or services or both and
includes such foundation and structural supports but excludes—
          (i) land, building or any other civil structures;
         (ii) telecommunication towers; and
         (iii) pipelines laid outside the factory premises.

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