Section 49 - Payment of tax, interest, penalty and other amounts of CGST ACT, 2017

            49. (1) Every deposit made towards tax, interest, penalty, fee or any other amount by a
person by internet banking or by using credit or debit cards or National Electronic Fund
Transfer or Real Time Gross Settlement or by such other mode and subject to such conditions
and restrictions as may be prescribed, shall be credited to the electronic cash ledger of such
person to be maintained in such manner as may be prescribed.
                 (2) The input tax credit as self-assessed in the return of a registered person shall be
credited to his electronic credit ledger, in accordance with section 41, to be maintained in
such manner as may be prescribed

                  (3) The amount available in the electronic cash ledger may be used for making any
payment towards tax, interest, penalty, fees or any other amount payable under the provisions
of this Act or the rules made thereunder in such manner and subject to such conditions and
within such time as may be prescribed.
                 (4) The amount available in the electronic credit ledger may be used for making any
payment towards output tax under this Act or under the Integrated Goods and Services Tax
Act in such manner and subject to such conditions and within such time as may be prescribed.
                 (5) The amount of input tax credit available in the electronic credit ledger of the registered
person on account of––
                    (a) integrated tax shall first be utilised towards payment of integrated tax and the
amount remaining, if any, may be utilised towards the payment of central tax and State
tax, or as the case may be, Union territory tax, in that order;
                    (b) the central tax shall first be utilised towards payment of central tax and the
amount remaining, if any, may be utilised towards the payment of integrated tax;
                    (c) the State tax shall first be utilised towards payment of State tax and the
amount remaining, if any, may be utilised towards payment of integrated tax;
                    (d) the Union territory tax shall first be utilised towards payment of Union territory
tax and the amount remaining, if any, may be utilised towards payment of integrated tax;
                    (e) the central tax shall not be utilised towards payment of State tax or Union
territory tax; and
                    (f) the State tax or Union territory tax shall not be utilised towards payment of
central tax.
               (6) The balance in the electronic cash ledger or electronic credit ledger after payment
of tax, interest, penalty, fee or any other amount payable under this Act or the rules made
thereunder may be refunded in accordance with the provisions of section 54.
               (7) All liabilities of a taxable person under this Act shall be recorded and maintained in
an electronic liability register in such manner as may be prescribed.
               (8) Every taxable person shall discharge his tax and other dues under this Act or the
rules made thereunder in the following order, namely:––
                  (a) self-assessed tax, and other dues related to returns of previous tax periods;
                  (b) self-assessed tax, and other dues related to the return of the current tax period;
                  (c) any other amount payable under this Act or the rules made thereunder including
the demand determined under section 73 or section 74.
             (9) Every person who has paid the tax on goods or services or both under this Act
shall, unless the contrary is proved by him, be deemed to have passed on the full incidence
of such tax to the recipient of such goods or services or both.
                 Explanation.––For the purposes of this section,—
                (a) the date of credit to the account of the Government in the authorised bank
shall be deemed to be the date of deposit in the electronic cash ledger;
                 (b) the expression,—
                    (i) “tax dues” means the tax payable under this Act and does not include
interest, fee and penalty; and
                    (ii) “other dues” means interest, penalty, fee or any other amount payable
under this Act or the rules made thereunder.

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