TDS on Premature withdrawal from Employees Provident Fund [Section 192A] AY 2019-20 onwards

Last udpated: Jan. 11, 2019, 4:12 p.m.

Compliance with Rule 9 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule: Certain Concerns

  • Part A of the Fourth Schedule to the Income-tax Act, 1961 contains the provisions relating to Recognised Provident Funds. Under the existing provisions of Rule 8 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule, the withdrawal of accumulated balance by an employee from the Recognised Provident Fund is exempt from taxation.
  • For the purpose of discouraging pre-mature withdrawal and promoting long term savings, if the employee makes withdrawal before continuous service of five years (other than the cases of termination due to ill health, contraction or discontinuance of business, cessation of employment etc.) and does not opt for transfer of accumulated balance to new employer, the withdrawal would be subject to tax.
  • Rule 9 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule provides the manner of computing the tax liability of the employee in respect of such pre-mature withdrawal. In order to ensure collection of tax in respect of such pre-mature withdrawals, Rule 10 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule casts responsibility on the trustees of the RPF to deduct tax as computed in Rule 9 at the time of payment.
  • Rule 9 provides that the tax on withdrawn amount is required to be calculated by re-computing the tax liability of the years for which the contribution to RPF has been made by treating the same as contribution to unrecognized provident fund. The trustees of private provident fund schemes, are generally a part of the employer group and hence, have access to or can easily obtain the information regarding taxability of the employee making pre-mature withdrawal for the purposes of computation of the amount of tax liability under Rule 9. However, it may not always be possible for the trustees of EPFS to get the information regarding taxability of the employee such as year-wise amount of taxable income and tax payable for the purposes of computation of the amount of tax liability under Rule 9.

Applicability of section 192A and Rate of TDS on Premature withdrawal

Section 192A provides for deduction of tax at 10% on premature taxable withdrawal from employees provident fund scheme. Accordingly, in a case where the accumulated balance due to an employee participating in a recognized provident fund is includible in his total income owing to the provisions of Rule 8 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule not being applicable, the trustees of the Employees Provident Fund Scheme, 1952 or any person authorised under the scheme to make payment of accumulated balance due to employees are required to deduct income-tax at 10%.

Time of tax deduction at source

Tax should be deducted at the time of payment of accumulated balance due to the employee.

Non-applicability of TDS under section 192A

No tax deduction is to be made under this section, if the amount of such payment or aggregate amount of such payment to the payee is less than Rs 50,000/-

Deduction at maximum marginal rate in case of non-submission of PAN

Any person entitled to receive any amount on which tax is deductible under this section has to furnish his PAN to the person responsible for deducting such tax. In case he fails to do so, tax would be deductible at the maximum marginal rate.

Posted by CA Ankit Sharma under Income-Tax

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